Atlantic Large Whale Take Reduction Plan:

The above includes links to Atlantic Large Whale Entanglement Reports for years 2014-2019, as well as recordings of team meetings and regulatory compliance guides.

2020 All Large Whale Entanglement Report (NOAA):

Case Studies in North Atlantic Right Whale Fishing Gear Entanglements

Right Whale Entanglement Simulation - New England Aquarium

Marine Mammal Entanglement in the Greater Atlantic Region (NOAA):

Ropeless Consortium - Towards Whales Without Rope Entanglements (WHOI)


The North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium:

The Anderson Cabot Center for Ocean Life:

Canadian Whale Institute:

Where Are Right Whales Now?

NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center's Passive Acoustic Cetacean Map:

NOAA Right Whale Species Directory Listing:


NOTE: This is a limited list of peer-reviewed scientific literature published about right whales since 2015. We recommend using Google Scholar for additional resources.

Baumgartner, Mark F., et al. "North Atlantic right whale foraging ecology and its role in human-caused mortality." Marine Ecology Progress Series 581 (2017): 165-181.

Christiansen, Fredrik, et al. "Population comparison of right whale body condition reveals poor state of the North Atlantic right whale." Marine Ecology Progress Series 640 (2020): 1-16.

Knowlton, A. R., Clark, J. S., Hamilton, P. K., Kraus, S. D., Pettis, H. M., Rolland, R. M., & Schick, R. S. (2022). "Fishing gear entanglement threatens recovery of critically endangered North Atlantic right whales." Conservation Science and Practice, 4(8), e12736.

Knowlton, A. R., Robbins, J., Landry, S., McKenna, H. A., Kraus, S. D., and Werner, T. (2016). "Implications of fishing rope strength on the severity of large whale entanglements." Conserv. Biol. 30, 318–328.

Kraus, Scott D., et al. "Recent scientific publications cast doubt on North Atlantic right whale future." Frontiers in Marine Science (2016): 137.

Meyer‐Gutbrod, Erin L., and Charles H. Greene. "Uncertain recovery of the North Atlantic right whale in a changing ocean." Global Change Biology 24.1 (2018): 455-464.

Meyer-Gutbrod, Erin L., et al. "Ocean regime shift is driving collapse of the North Atlantic right whale population." Oceanography 34.3 (2021): 22-31.

Myers, Hannah J., and Michael J. Moore. "Reducing effort in the US American lobster (Homarus americanus) fishery to prevent North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) entanglements may support higher profits and long-term sustainability." Marine Policy 118 (2020): 104017.

Moore, Michael J., et al. "REVIEW Assessing North Atlantic right whale health: Threats, and development of tools critical for conservation of the species." Diseases of aquatic organisms 143 (2021): 205-226.

Pace III, Richard M., et al. "Cryptic mortality of North Atlantic right whales." Conservation Science and Practice 3.2 (2021): e346.

Pace III, Richard M., Peter J. Corkeron, and Scott D. Kraus. "State–space mark–recapture estimates reveal a recent decline in abundance of North Atlantic right whales." Ecology and Evolution 7.21 (2017): 8730-8741.

Record, Nicholas R., et al. "Rapid climate-driven circulation changes threaten conservation of endangered North Atlantic right whales." Oceanography 32.2 (2019): 162-169.

Stewart, Joshua D., et al. "Decreasing body lengths in North Atlantic right whales." Current Biology 31.14 (2021): 3174-3179.